Portsmouth, only minutes from the University of New Hampshire, is unique in that it has a multitude of advantages seldom seen in a city of its size. The City is the second oldest in New Hampshire, (est. 1623), was a major shipbuilding center in the 17th and 18th centuries, and great care has been taken to preserve the historic flavor of the community. Market Square, right in the center of downtown Portsmouth, is the essence of the Seacoast's life and abounds with opportunities for elegant or casual dining, live theatre, a film festival, tours of historic homes and more. There are three public elementary schools, a middle school and a fully accredited high school, which consistently rates as one of the best in the state. A variety of housing creates a wonderful blend of old and new - authentic Colonial homes, large Victorians, renovated warehouses, modern homes and condominiums. Portsmouth is fortunate to have the State's only deep-water port, as well as the Pease International Tradeport, the former site of Pease Air Force Base, providing land for business facilities and economic development.